March 28, 2019

In organic chemistry, when students learn reactions oftentimes hydride and alkyl shifts happen that student might not recognize. Here are the ways to be aware of them:

1. Any reactions that go through a carbocation are capable of rearrangements such as SN1, E1, and alkene reactions with acids.

2. Rearrangements happen at the carbocation stage. 

3. The shift happens if the neighboring carbon would make for a more stable, mo...

March 27, 2019

The rate of the reaction is affected by the following factors:

1. Concentration (higher concentration of reactant particles increases the rate of reaction since it leads to more collisions)

2. Surface area ( higher surface area, such as grinding something into powder, increases the rate of the reaction)

3. Temperature (higher temperature increases the rate of the reaction).

4. Catalyst (catalyst increases the rate of the re...

March 13, 2019

onverting moles to atoms/molecules  When converting between moles and atoms or molecules, we must use Avogadro's number (6.02* 10^23 atoms or molecules per mole). We always start with what is given to us. Then the units we want to get rid of go in the denominator to cancel and units we want to get go in the numerator. For example, how many molecules of water are in 3 moles? Lets set it up: 3mols * (6.02* 10^23 molec...

March 5, 2019

After being absorbed, long fatty acids come together to reform triacylglycerides and cholesterol esters. Short fatty acids pass directly into the blood where they bind albumin protein and get transported to the liver.

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