A chiral center is a carbon that is attached to 4 different groups.
We should start by drawing out molecules, and adding the necessary number of hydrogens to each carbon. Remember a carbon wants to always have 4 bonds. Therefore, if we see a carbon with 2 bonds, we attach 2 more hydrogens and so f...
Organic chemistry is notorious for being one of the hardest subjects in college. Don't panic though. Here is a list of how to best study and ace your organic chemistry class.
1. Read the chapter, paying most attention to the in chapter problems. Some students even skip reading the chapter since problems practicing is most important for organic chemistry. You can try to do the in-chapter problems on your own and then chec...
HNMR stands for hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance. This technique allows us to figure out the structure of many molecules. It is especially useful in pharmaceutical industries for the research in drug discovery.
The number of signals that HNMR gives is equal to the number of different hydrogens.
Two hydrogens are different when they are on carbons attached to different groups.
n the beginning of the procedure, the student puts a drop each of the control substances as well as experimental outcome. He/she then immerses the sample into the fluent, which over time, moves up the plate. The final location of each spot depends on the polarity of the substance. Since silica is polar, molecules that are more polar will stay at the bottom not moving as much,
Reactions of Grignard:
Grignard reagent is a strong base. Thus it will attack any electrophile and can participate in a variety of reagents. Grignard reacts with water, alcohols, and acids getting protonated. Therefore, in order for grignard to attack a specific molecule we can not put water in the same step. We have to either number steps or put it on a separate arrow. Grignard is also known for attacking carbonyl comp...