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Compared to a 1.0-liter aqueous solution with a pH of 7.0, a 1.0-liter aqueous solution with a pH of

August 2018 NY Regents Chemistry Exam


49 Compared to a 1.0-liter aqueous solution with a pH of 7.0, a 1.0-liter aqueous solution with a pH of 5.0 contains (1) 10 times more hydronium ions

(2) 100 times more hydronium ions

(3) 10 times more hydroxide ions

(4) 100 times more hydroxide ions


Solution: As the pH decreases, the concentration of H+ or H3O+ (hydronium ion) increases and the concentration of OH- (hydroxide ion) decreases (solution is becoming more basic and less acidic). How much does the concentration change? Each pH unit is equal to a factor of 10. Going from pH 7-5 = 2 units, means 10*10 = 100. This means there is 100 time more hydronium ions.

Answer: 2


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