Newman projects are shorthand ways to represent conformations of molecules. There are two kinds of Newman projections: Staggered and Eclipsed. Staggered conformation is always more stable and lower in energy than eclipsed. When two big groups in the staggered conformation are next to one another, this is called gauche (less stable due to the groups bumping into one another). When two groups are opposite of one another, it is called anti (most stable).
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