How To Predict Shape/Molecular Geometry Of A Molecule
We will use the chart below to predict the correct shape of a molecule. First we must start with a correct lewis dot structure of the molecule. Next we must identify the central atom and ask how many other atoms it is connected to and how many lone pairs of electrons are on it. Then we have to look at the chart to identify the correct shape. The purple dot in the middle is the central atom in a molecule. The blue dots are atoms the central atom is connected to and two dots represent a lone pair. Thus, for example, a molecule that has a central atom that is connected to two other atoms and has one lone pair must be bent.