Primary amines react with ketones to produce imines according to the following reaction. 𝑝𝑟𝑖𝑚𝑎𝑟𝑦 𝑎𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑒 + 𝑘𝑒𝑡𝑜𝑛𝑒 ⇌ 𝑖𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑒 + 𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 Select the response which makes the following sentence correct. The amount of imine produced will________ be by the addition of a drying agent to remove water molecules from the reaction mixture. A) Increased B) Decreased C) Unchanged
This question is based on Le Chatelier's principle. We need to remember that changing amounts of solids or liquids has NO effect on the equilibrium. Since water is a liquid, removing water would not shift the equilibrium or have any effect on the amount if mine produced.